INTEGRATED MULTI-MODAL PUBLIC METROPOLITAN TRANSPORT IN ISTANBUL

Public transport in Istanbul is an example of a successful integrated multi-modal urban and suburban public transport scheme in metropolitan area consisting of tram, metro-bus, underground metro, commuter railway, funicular, air-lift gondola and maritime-seaway (ferry-service and sea-bus) services for the more than 13 million inhabitants of the city spread over an area of 5712 kmĀ². The paper is composed of Wikipedia internet publications.

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