The author worked as a technical advisor for the Indian handbook project by the authors M.M. Agarwal, S. Chandra and K. Migliani METRO RAIL FOR URBAN MOBILITY IN INDIA (2020)., first edition, 2020, Prabha & Co. Delhi 110092, India, ISBN: 81-906656-6-14.
To gain for
this book project an overview on the World of Transport Technologies and as
well on international and Indian Activities, Initiatives, Developments and
Trends for URBAN MOBILITY
AS A SERVICE (MaaS), in December 2019, the author launched a
collection of current publications, summarized in individual METRO NEWS LETTERS. The
NEWSLETTERS have been gathered in PDF portfolios, which are
free for download.
and interurban public transport in megapolis area has many technical facets.
feature global and Indian activities and initiatives as well as recent
developments and technological trends for URBAN MOBILITY AS A SERVICE, including
Metro Rail, Metro Monorail on Concrete Straddle Beam (ALWEG), light Monorail on
Steel-Beam Guideways (INTAMIN),
Commuter Rail, Regional Rapid Transit, Light Rail Vehicle and Transit, Light
Metro Rail, combined Tram-Train, connection of Metro Rail with Railway, Metro
Bus, Bus Rapid Transit, Metro Ropeway/Train, Suspended People Movers (SAFEGE), Rubber Tired
People Movers on Guide/Roll Ways, linear Induction Motor propelled Light Metro,
last Mile autonomous People Mover, automated on-Demand PodCar People Mover, low
speed Maglev and Rope pulled Hovercraft People Mover, Water Metro and
environment friendly Propulsion Technologies with Overhead Electricity Feeding,
Batteries, Hydrogen Fuel Cells (HydRail) and Natural Gas.
cover publications on Connectivity
– the Integration
of different public transport modes into seamless urban, suburban and
interurban public Transport
Concepts -, on multimodal Hubs, autonomous and guided
Technology, on the use of Digitalization, Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data,
Building Information Modeling (BIM) and of Artificial Intelligence (AI), on
modern Information Systems as well on seamless Ticket and Payment start-to-end
Concepts and Technologies.
Urban Mobility spurs economic
development and expansion.
Urban Mobility as a Service, MaaS, is leading to a rapid change
in the economy and quality of life in modern megapolis environment and is
in smart cities, in India and around the globe.
MULTIMODAL URBAN MOBILITY SOLUTIONS FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT, IT, are
the integrated and multimodal public urban, suburban and interurban transport
solutions in Istanbul (Turkey), Helsinki (Finland), Berlin (Germany), Stockholm
(Sweden), Mexico (Mexico), Madrid (Spain), Toronto (Canada) and Portland (USA).
METRO RAIL IN
INDIA, meeting the demand for Urban Mobility, is a success story for its fast
paced legislation, planning, financing, construction and operation; and in the
last 14 years has significantly improved URBAN
MOBILITY and changed the public transportin several Indian
The Kolkata Metro was for
18 years the only Underground Metro Rail in India, opening for commercial services
Only after 18
was the second city to get Metro Rail. The construction started in 1998, and
the first elevated section (Shahdara – Tis Hazari) on the Red Line opened on 24th
December 2002, while the first underground section (Vishwa Vidyalaya – Kashmere
Gate) of Yellow Line opened on 20th December 2004. Within only 15
years the network expanded to 343 km serving 250 stations. The system has a mix
of underground, at-grade, and elevated stations using both broad-gauge and
standard-gauge. Delhi Metro operates with 8 lines over 2,700 trips daily,
starting at around 05:00 and ending at 23:30 hrs.
Delhi Metro is
a Pioneer in METRO RAIL EXPANSION and a Symbol of the Progress, that India has
made in the last decade.
Metro Rail and
Metro Monorail run currently in 11 Indian megacities, and are proposed,
approved, under planning or under construction in 22 more cities. As of March
2019, India has 639 km of operational metro lines and 496 stations. A further
500 km of lines are under construction.
construction of underground sections latest state-of-the-art tunnel boring
machines are used, which significantly accelerates the construction.
19 km of elevated Straddle
Beam Mono Rail. Kochi has a Water Metro, and for Shimla, Darjeeling,
Dharamsalam, Tsomgo Lake in Tsomgo, East Sikkim and Varanasi Gondola Aerial Ropeway Metro
is envisaged. In 12 tourist places shorter scenic Ropeways are already in
operation. Further Ropeway locations for local public transport under evaluation
include Elephanta Caves, Mumbai, Maharashtra; Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu;
Langolceiraoching-Marjing Ching, and Sendra to Thanga, Chaoba Ching, Loktak in
Manipur; Bermpark-Bhawani Island in Andhra Pradesh; Vasco da Gama to Dona Paula
in Goa; and in Kochi. For Urban Mobility in Chandigarh, an area with less
town-dweller than in the Indian mega cities, a light Monorail of Swiss INTAMIN Technology,
running on a right-of-way Steel Beam Guide-Way, is in discussion. For smaller
Cities in India with less ridership-demand “METROLIGHT” or “METROLITE” as a cheaper
solution than Metro Rail is in discussion. Amritsar is thinking to install an
autonomous on-Demand PodCar People Mover between Railway Station and the Golden
Transits (BRT) have gained popularity worldwide as a cost-effective
alternative to far more expensive urban rail investments. High-quality
bus-based systems also better serve the low-density settlement patterns of many
suburban markets and small-to-medium size cities due to the inherent
flexibility advantages of rubber-tyre systems – the same vehicle that provides
speedy line-haul services on a dedicated bus-lane or reserved bus-way can morph
into a feeder vehicle, collecting and distributing customers on local streets.
Electric Hybrid Buses with mixed electric catenary feeding and Hydrogen Fuel
Cells electricity generation combined with short time super-capacitor storage
technology will become the Next Generation Urban Transport People Movers.
TRANSITS (LRT) with LIGHT RAIL VEHICLES (LRV) are worldwide
on the agenda technologies for urban and suburban public transport. LRT is a
relatively affordable way to bring rail transit to many cities around the globe
– also in India – filling the niche between Metro Rail and Bus Rapid Transit
The Future of URBAN MOBILITY as a SERVICE (MaaS) has
already started in India with integrated and multimodal Transport (IT)
Technologies linked through multimodal Hubs and shaped by Digitalization,
Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (IT), Big Data and
Building Information Modelling (BIM).
As for INTEGRATED TRANSPORT (IT), CONNECTIVITY
and INTEGRATED MULTIMODAL URBAN MOBILITY SOLUTIONS FOR PUBLIC URBAN,
SUBURBAN and INTERURBAN TRANSPORT IN INDIA, OF TODAY AND TOMORROW,
further smart and intelligent developments are on the way to come.
To learn more, download the series of PDF files.
METRO – 10