The author was
invited to contribute material for a book project on METRO RAIL FOR URBAN MOBILITY IN
To gain an
overview on the World of Transport Technologies and as well on international
and Indian Activities, Initiatives, Developments and Trends for URBAN MOBILITY AS A SERVICE (MaaS), in
December 2019, the author launched a collection of current publications,
summarized in individual METRO NEWS
LETTERS. The individual METRO
NEWSLETTERS have been gathered in PDF portfolios, which are free for
Urban, suburban and
interurban public transport in megapolis area has many technical facets.
feature global and Indian activities and initiatives as well as recent
developments and technological trends for URBAN
MOBILITY AS A SERVICE, including Metro Rail, Metro Monorail on Concrete Straddle
light Monorail on Steel-Beam Guideways (INTAMIN), Commuter Rail, Regional
Rapid Transit, Light Rail Vehicle and Transit, Light Metro Rail, combined
Tram-Train, connection of Metro Rail with Railway, Metro Bus, Bus Rapid
Transit, Metro Ropeway/Train, Suspended People Movers (SAFEGE), Rubber Tired
People Movers on Guide/Roll Ways, linear Induction Motor propelled Light Metro,
last Mile autonomous People Mover, automated on-Demand PodCar People Mover, low
speed Maglev and Rope pulled Hovercraft People Mover, Water Metro and
environment friendly Propulsion Technologies with Overhead Electricity Feeding,
Batteries, Hydrogen Fuel Cells (HydRail)
and Natural Gas.
cover publications on Connectivity –
the Integration of different public
transport modes into seamless urban, suburban and interurban public Transport Concepts -, on multimodal
Hubs, autonomous and guided Technology, on the use of Digitalization, Internet
of Things (IoT), Big Data, Building Information Modeling (BIM) and of Artificial
Intelligence (AI), on modern Information Systems as well on seamless Ticket and
Payment start-to-end Concepts and Technologies.
Urban Mobility spurs economic development and
expansion. Urban Mobility as a Service,
MaaS, is leading to a rapid change in the economy and quality of life in
modern megapolis environment and is shaping Mobility
in smart cities, in India and around the globe.
Samples for successful INTEGRATED MULTIMODAL URBAN MOBILITY
SOLUTIONS FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT, IT, are the integrated and multimodal public
urban, suburban and interurban transport solutions in Istanbul (Turkey),
Helsinki (Finland), Berlin (Germany), Stockholm (Sweden), Mexico (Mexico), Madrid
(Spain), Toronto (Canada) and Portland (USA).
METRO RAIL IN INDIA, meeting the demand for Urban Mobility, is
a success story for its fast paced legislation, planning, financing,
construction and operation; and in the last 14 years has significantly improved
URBAN MOBILITY and changed the
public transportin several Indian
The Kolkata Metro was for 18 years the only Underground Metro Rail in
India, opening for commercial services from 1984.
nly after 18 years, Delhi was the second city to get Metro Rail. The construction started in 1998, and the first elevated section (Shahdara – Tis Hazari) on the Red Line opened on 24th December 2002, while the first underground section (Vishwa Vidyalaya – Kashmere Gate) of Yellow Line opened on 20th December 2004. Within only 15 years the network expanded to 343 km serving 250 stations. The system has a mix of underground, at-grade, and elevated stations using both broad-gauge and standard-gauge. Delhi Metro operates with 8 lines over 2,700 trips daily, starting at around 05:00 and ending at 23:30 hrs.
Metro is a Pioneer in METRO RAIL EXPANSION and a Symbol of the Progress, that India
has made in the last decade.
Rail and Metro Monorail run currently in 11 Indian megacities, and are proposed,
approved, under planning or under construction in 22 more cities. As of March 2019,
India has 639 km of operational metro lines and 496 stations. A further 500 km
of lines are under construction.
the construction of underground sections latest state-of-the-art tunnel boring
machines are used, which significantly accelerates the construction.
operates 19 km of elevated Straddle
Beam Mono Rail. Kochi has a Water
Metro, and for Shimla, Darjeeling, Dharamsalam, Tsomgo Lake in Tsomgo,
East Sikkim and Varanasi Gondola Aerial Ropeway Metro is
envisaged. In 12 tourist places shorter scenic Ropeways are already in
operation. Further Ropeway locations for local public transport under
evaluation include Elephanta Caves, Mumbai, Maharashtra; Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu;
Langolceiraoching-Marjing Ching, and Sendra to Thanga, Chaoba Ching, Loktak in
Manipur; Bermpark-Bhawani Island in Andhra Pradesh; Vasco da Gama to Dona Paula
in Goa; and in Kochi. For Urban Mobility in Chandigarh, an area with less town-dweller
than in the Indian mega cities, a light Monorail of Swiss INTAMIN Technology,
running on a right-of-way Steel Beam Guide-Way, is in discussion. For smaller
Cities in India with less ridership-demand “METROLIGHT” or “METROLITE”
as a cheaper solution than Metro Rail is in discussion. Amritsar is thinking to
install an autonomous on-Demand PodCar People Mover between Railway Station and
the Golden Temple.
Bus Rapid Transits (BRT) have gained popularity worldwide as a
cost-effective alternative to far more expensive urban rail investments.
High-quality bus-based systems also better serve the low-density settlement
patterns of many suburban markets and small-to-medium size cities due to the
inherent flexibility advantages of rubber-tyre systems – the same vehicle that
provides speedy line-haul services on a dedicated bus-lane or reserved bus-way
can morph into a feeder vehicle, collecting and distributing customers on local
streets. Electric Hybrid Buses with mixed electric catenary feeding and
Hydrogen Fuel Cells electricity generation combined with short time
super-capacitor storage technology will become the Next Generation Urban
Transport People Movers.
LIGHT RAIL TRANSITS (LRT) with LIGHT
RAIL VEHICLES (LRV)
are worldwide on the agenda technologies for urban and suburban public
transport. LRT is a relatively affordable way to bring rail transit to many
cities around the globe – also in India – filling the niche between Metro Rail
and Bus Rapid Transit
The Future of URBAN MOBILITY as a
SERVICE (MaaS) has already started
in India with integrated and multimodal Transport (IT) Technologies linked
through multimodal Hubs and shaped by Digitalization, Internet of Things (IoT),
Artificial Intelligence (IT), Big Data and Building Information Modelling (BIM).
As for INTEGRATED TRANSPORT (IT),
CONNECTIVITY and INTEGRATED MULTIMODAL URBAN
MOBILITY SOLUTIONS FOR PUBLIC URBAN, SUBURBAN and INTERURBAN TRANSPORT IN INDIA,
OF TODAY AND TOMORROW, further smart and intelligent developments are on
the way to come.
To learn more, download the series of PDF files.